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Parable of the AK-47

Bible Pacifism
Christian Pacifism is the Scriptural Position
by Jim Foxvog

Reasons For Biblical Pacifism
Scriptures Supporting Pacifism

Old list of more war & peace scriptures
Short Bibliography with links

Selected Web resources
Answers to Objections

Reasons For Christian Pacifism
Pacifism is trust in God.  It is a reasonable response to normal Christian beliefs. 

This page is written for those who believe the Bible is the authoritative word of God. If you are a believer in Jesus, believe him when he said, "scripture cannot be broken" (John 10.35)

The Holy Spirit helps us understand God's word.  Pray to be open to God's Spirit's guiding you as you seek the truth in his word.

God made the universe.  He made all things through and for Jesus Christ (Col 1.16 , Heb 1.2 ).  Jesus took part in the creation of the universe and has a full understanding of its purpose and how it works.  He is now the one who sustains and upholds the universe by his word of power. ( Heb 1.3 )

Jesus revealed to us how to live in accordance with how his creation works. “Love your enemy and pray for those who persecute you.” ( Mt 5.44 , Lu 6.27 Lu 6.3 )  “Do not use force against an evil man.”  ( Mt 5.39 )  “Do not resist evil with evil.” “Forgive and you will be forgiven.” (Lu 6.37 )   “Do not be anxious about your life.”( Lu 12.22 )   “He who lives by the sword will perish by the sword.”
 ( Mat 26.52 )  “In everything do to others as you would have them do to you.” (Mat 7.12 )

The rest of the New Testament contains more of the same. “Do not return evil for evil.” ( 1 Pet 3.9 ,  Rom 12.17 ,  1 Thes 5.15 )
“Overcome evil with good.”( Rom 12.21 )  “Beloved, never avenge yourselves, but leave room for the wrath of God; for it is written, ‘Vengeance is mine, I will repay, says the Lord.’” (Rom 12.19 )

Then there are the Biblical statements that will get people questioning your patriotism if you take them seriously. If we consider “ First take the log out of your own eye.”
( Luk 6.42 )  we might question what our own nation has done.  “Alas for those …who rely on horses, who trust in chariots.” ( Isa 31:1 )

“What would Jesus do? [WWJD] ” Christians rightly ask. Jesus was perfectly capable of self defense.  He chose not to defend himself, to let his enemies kill him and even asked that his murderers be forgiven.  We are to follow in his ways.  There's a great bumper sticker : "Whom would Jesus bomb?" [WWJB]  We are specifically called to follow Jesus example of suffering love and non-retaliation. ( 1 Peter 2.21).   Jesus died for the life his enemies.  ( Rom 5.8, 10 )  Jesus gave this as the specific reason to love our enemies, "so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven" ( Mat 5.45 ) -- to be like him!   Jesus was questioned about the death penalty.  God specifically commanded it in the Old Testament.  Jesus did not say it was undeserved.  His answer: "He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone ." (John 8.7 )  Does not the same reasoning apply to a nation seeking to "punish" another "evil nation"?  
   
God will take care of us and is fully capable of handling those who do evil. We should not fear people, even those who could kill us (Matt 10.28 )  This is the basic truth, not some sweet cliché.  We are conquerors in all things by being in Jesus -- nothing can separate us from the love of God. (Rom 8.37 - 39 )

It is a deeply held popular belief that the only way to stop evil is with by violent force.  This is the theme of most adventure stories of all genres, of comic books and TV shows and movies.  If we trust violence more than we trust God, this is idolatry.   God's truth is that our real enemies are spiritual (Eph 6.12) and are to be opposed by spiritual means (2 Cor 10.4)

Our culture teaches us to oppose evil with violent force. But God, who created the universe,  shows us that the world is not founded on violence, but is built and designed differently.  Love is what works because that is how the totality of all that is was designed.

We live in “a world created by God who actively invites human beings into relationships of trust and intimacy.
It is a universe structured ultimately not by coercion and fear, but by the power of love. For this reason, those
who are suspicious of all claims about truth need not be afraid that this assertion is one more power move.
Indeed, the very essence of the good news of the Christian gospel is that our God is a noncoercive God who
invites rather than compels. The Jesus we claim as Lord came to us in the form of a servant, taught an ethic
of vulnerability and compassion, and allowed himself to be killed rather than to take up the sword and defend
the truth with violence.”  [quote from Choosing Against War: A Christian View by John D. Roth ]

Scriptures supporting Pacifism used in above discussion
- Pacifism is Biblical

Col 1.16  for in him [the son] all things in heaven and on earth were created, things visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or powers—all things have been created through him and for him.

Heb 1.2-3  In these last days [God] has spoken to us by a Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, through whom he also created the worlds.  3  who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,

Mt 5:44  But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you,  45  so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven; for he makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust.

Lu 6:27  But I say to you that listen, Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who curse you, pray for those who abuse you. 29  If anyone strikes you on the cheek, offer the other also;

Lu 6:35  But love your enemies, do good, and lend, expecting nothing in return. Your reward will be great, and you will be children of the Most High; for he is kind to the ungrateful and the wicked.

Mt 5:39  But I say to you, Do not make use of force against an evil man; but to him who gives you a blow on the right side of your face let the left be turned.  -Bible in Basic English

Lu 6:37  "Judge not, and you will not be judged; condemn not, and you will not be condemned; forgive, and you will be forgiven;

Lu 12:22  And he said to his disciples, "Therefore I tell you, do not be anxious about your life, what you shall eat, nor about your body, what you shall put on.

Mt 26:52  Then Jesus said to him, "Put your sword back into its place; for all who take the sword will perish by the sword.

Mt 7:12  In everything do to others as you would have them do to you; for this is the law and the prophets.

1 Peter 3.8  Finally, all of you, have unity of spirit, sympathy, love of the brethren, a tender heart and a humble mind.   :9  Do not return evil for evil or reviling for reviling; but on the contrary bless, for to this you have been called, that you may obtain a blessing.

Ro 12.17-21   Do not repay anyone evil for evil, but take thought for what is noble in the sight of all.  18  If it is possible, so far as it depends on you, live peaceably with all. 19  Beloved, never avenge yourselves, but leave room for the wrath of God; for it is written, "Vengeance is mine, I will repay, says the Lord."  20  No, "if your enemies are hungry, feed them; if they are thirsty, give them something to drink; for by doing this you will heap burning coals on their heads."
21  Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good .  

1Th 5:15  See that none of you repays evil for evil, but always seek to do good to one another and to all.

Lu 6:42  Or how can you say to your neighbor, ’Friend, let me take out the speck in your eye,’ when you yourself do not see the log in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take the speck out of your neighbor’s eye.

Isa 31:1  Alas for those who go down to Egypt for help and who rely on horses, who trust in chariots because they are many and in horsemen because they are very strong, but do not look to the Holy One of Israel or consult the LORD!

Rom 5.8,10  8  But God shows his love for us in that while we were yet sinners Christ died for us.... 10  For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, now that we are reconciled, shall we be saved by his life.

1 Peter 2.21  For to this you have been called, because Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example, that you should follow in his steps.
22  He committed no sin; no guile was found on his lips.  23  When he was reviled, he did not revile in return; when he suffered, he did not threaten; but he trusted to him who judges justly.

Eph 6.12  For our struggle is not against enemies of blood and flesh, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the cosmic powers of this present darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly places.

2 Co 10:4 The weapons with which we fight are not human weapons, but are mighty for God in overthrowing strong fortresses.


John 8.7  But when they continued asking him, he lifted up himself, and said unto them, He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her.

Matt 10.28  And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul; rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in hell. 29  Are not two sparrows sold for a penny? And not one of them will fall to the ground without your Father’s will. 30  But even the hairs of your head are all numbered. 31  Fear not, therefore; you are of more value than many sparrows.

Rom 8.37 No, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him who loved us. 38  For I am convinced that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor rulers, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, 39  nor height, nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord.

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More Bible Verses about War, Peace, and Pacifism:
For deeper understanding, look up these scripture verses in your own Bible and read them in context.
THE ROOTS OF WAR

James 4.1-2  What is the cause of wars and fighting among you? is it not in your desires which are at war in your bodies? 2  You are burning with desire, and have not your desire, so you put men to death; you are full of envy, and you are not able to get your desire, so you are fighting and making war; you have not your desire, because you do not make request for it.

Gal. 5.19-23   Now the works of the flesh are clear, which are these: evil desire, unclean things, wrong use of the senses, 20  Worship of images, use of strange powers, hates, fighting, desire for what another has, angry feelings, attempts to get the better of others, divisions, false teachings, 21  Envy, uncontrolled drinking and feasting, and such things: of which I give you word clearly, even as I did in the past, that they who do such things will have no part in the kingdom of God. 22  But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, a quiet mind, kind acts, well-doing, faith, 23  Gentle behavior, control over desires: against such there is no law.

Matt. 6.24  You cannot serve God and mammon.

Luke 4.5  Then the devil led Jesus up and showed him in an instant all the kingdoms of the world. 6  And the devil said to him, "To you I will give their glory and all this authority; for it has been given over to me, and I give it to anyone I please. 7  If you, then, will worship me, it will all be yours."

THE WAY OF PEACE

Luke 2. 14   Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace among men of good-will. 

 John 14.27.    Peace I leave with you, My peace I give to you; not as the world gives do I give to you. 

 Matt. 5.9.    Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called sons of God. 

 Jas. 3.18.   The fruit of righteousness is sown in peace for them that make peace.

 Rom. 10.15.   How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace. 

 Eph. 6.14 f.    Stand therefore . . . having shod your feet with the preparation of the gospel of peace.

 Eph. 4.1-3   I therefore, the prisoner in the Lord, beseech you to walk worthily of the calling wherewith you were called, with all lowliness and meekness, with longsuffering,  forbearing one another in love; giving diligence to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.

 Heb. 12.14   Follow after peace with all men, and the sanctification without which no man shall see the Lord. 

 Rom. 16.20.   The God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. 

 2 Cor. 13.11   Finally, brethren . . be perfected; be comforted; be of the same mind; live in peace: and the God of love and peace shall be with you.

 Phil. 4.7   The  peace of God, which surpasses all understanding, will guard your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus..



THE VICTORY of SELFLESSNESS

  Matthew. 11. 29.   Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.


 Philipians. 2. 5 10.   Have this mind in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: who, existing in the form of God, counted not the being on an equality with God a thing to be grasped, but emptied himself, taking the form of a servant.  He humbled himself, becoming obedient even unto death, yea, the death of the cross. Wherefore also God highly exalted him, and gave unto him the name which is above every name; that in the name of Jesus every knee should bow. 

 Matthew 5. 3, 5.   Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth. 

 Matthew 20. 25-28.   You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great ones exercise authority over them. Not so shall it be among you: but whosoever would become great among you shall be your minister; and whosoever would be first among you shall be your servant: even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many. 

 Matthew 23.12   Whosoever shall exalt himself shall be humbled; and whosoever shall humble himself shall be exalted. 

 1 Peter 5. 5 -6.    God resists the proud, But gives grace to the humble.   Therefore humble yourselves under the mighty hand of God,  that He may exalt you in due time. 

Revelation 12:11  And they have conquered him [the great dragon, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world {v.9}] by the blood
of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, for they loved not their lives even unto death.



THE COMMANDMENT OF LOVE

Matt. 22. 37-40  Jesus said to him,   ‘You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’  This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets.     

Gal. 5.14  The whole law is fulfilled in one word, even in this; you shall love your neighbor as yourself.   

Rom. 13.10, 8 Owe no one anything, except to love one another; for the one who loves another has fulfilled the law.  The commandments ... are summed up in this word, 'Love your neighbor as yourself.'

Matt. 5.44  

 John 13. 34 f.  A new commandment I give unto you, that you love one another; even as I have loved you, that you also love one another. By this shall all men know that you are my disciples.   

1 John 4. 20  If a man say, I love God, and hates his brother, he is a liar: for he that loves not his brother whom he has seen, cannot love God whom he has not seen.   

I Cor. 13.4 f.  Love suffers long and is kind; love does not envy; love does not parade itself, is not puffed up;  does not behave rudely, does not seek its own, is not provoked, thinks no evil; ...  bears all things,  believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. Love never fails.   

1 Thess. 3.12.  The Lord make you to increase and abound in love toward one another, and toward all men.   
 
1 Pet. 1. 22.  Seeing you have purified your souls in your obedience to the truth unto unfeigned love of the brethren, love one another from the heart fervently.   

1 Pet 4.8.  Above all things be fervent in your love among yourselves; for love covers a multitude of sins.     


THE DUTY OF FORGIVENESS

Luke 23. 34.  Jesus said, 'Father forgive them; for they know not what they do.'   

Mark 11.25  Whenever you stand praying, forgive, if you have anything against any one; that your Father also which is in heaven may forgive you your trespasses.   

Luke 17.3 f.    If your brother sin, rebuke him; and if he repent, forgive him. And if he sin against you seven times in the day, and seven times turn again to you saying, I repent; you shall forgive him.   

Col. 3.12   Therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, put on tender mercies, kindness, humility, meekness, longsuffering;  bearing with one another, and forgiving one another, if anyone has a complaint against another; even as Christ forgave you, so you also must do.  

Eph. 4. 31f.  Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamor, and railing, be put away from you, with all malice: and be  you kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving each other, even as God also in Christ forgave you.   



CHRIST S WAY OF MEETING EVIL

1 Pet. 2.21ff.  Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example, that you should follow his steps: who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth: who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered threatened not; but committed himself to him that judges righteously.   

Matthew 26.47  And while [Jesus] was still talking, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a band armed with swords and sticks, from the chief priests and those in authority over the people. 48  Now the false one had given them a sign saying, The one to whom I give a kiss, that is he: take him. 49  And straight away he came to Jesus and said, Master! and gave him a kiss. 50  And Jesus said to him, Friend, do that for which you have come. Then they came and put hands on Jesus, and took him. 51  And one of those who were with Jesus put out his hand, and took out his sword and gave the servant of the high priest a blow, cutting off his ear. 52  Then says Jesus to him, Put up your sword again into its place: for all those who take the sword will come to death by the sword. 53  Does it not seem possible to you that if I make request to my Father he will even now send me an army of angels?  (BBE)

John 18.36  Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence. (KJV)

John 12. 47.  I came not to judge the world, but to save the world.   

Luke 9. 54 f.  When his disciples saw this, they said, Lord, would you that we bid fire to come down from heaven, and consume them? But he turned and rebuked them.   

1 Cor. 4. 12.  Being reviled, we bless; being persecuted, we endure; being defamed, we intreat.   

Jas. 4. 12.  One only is the lawgiver and judge, even he who is able to save and to destroy: but who are you that judge  your neighbor?   

 Matt. 7.12.  Whatsoever you would that men should do unto you, even so do you also unto them. 

Luke 6. 27 f.  Love your enemies, do good to them that hate you, bless them that curse you, pray for them that despitefully use you.   

Matt. 5.39.  Resist not him that is evil: but whosoever smites you on your right cheek, turn to him the other also.   

I Cor. 6. 7.  Why not rather take wrong? Why not rather be defrauded?   

 2 Tim. 2. 24.  The Lord s servant must not strive, but be gentle towards all forbearing in meekness, correcting them that oppose themselves. 

Rom. 12. 14  f.  Bless them that persecute you; bless, and curse not. . . . Render to no man evil for evil. .  If you can, so far as it depends on you, live at peace with all the world... Beloved, never avenge yourselves, but leave room for the wrath of God; for it is written, "Vengeance is mine, I will repay, says the Lord."   But if your enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him to drink: for in so doing you shall heap coals of fire upon his head. Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.   

1 Thess. 5.15 .  See that none render unto any one evil for evil; but always follow after that which is good, one toward another, and toward all.   

1 Pet. 3. 8 f.  Finally, be you all like-minded, compassionate, loving as brethren, tenderhearted, : humble mindednot rendering  evil for evil, or reviling for reviling; but contrariwise blessing; for hereunto were you called, that you should inherit a blessing.   

THE WAY OF THE CROSS

Rom. 5. 8.  God commends his own love towards us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.   

Heb. 12 . 2.    Jesus the author and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising shame. 

1 Pet. 4.1.  Forasmuch then as Christ suffered in the flesh, arm you yourselves also with the same mind. 

2 Cor. 4. 8 10.  We are pressed on every side, yet not straitened; perplexed, yet not unto despair; pursued, yet not forsaken; smitten down, yet not destroyed; always bearing about in the body the dying of Jesus, that the life also of Jesus may be manifested in our body.   

Matt. 16. 24  If any man would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross, and follow me.   .

Heb. 13.12f.  Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people through his own blood, suffered without the gate. Let us therefore go forth unto him without the camp, bearing his reproach.   


THE MINISTRY OF RECONCILIATION

Rom. 5. 10 f.  If, while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled,  shall we be saved by his life; and not only so, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.   

Col. 1. 19 f.  It was the good pleasure of the Father that in him should all the fulness dwell; and through him to reconcile all things unto himself, having made peace through the blood of his cross.   

Eph. 2. 14 17.  He is our peace, who made both one, and broke down the middle wall of partition, having abolished in his flesh the enmity . . . that he might create in himself of the two one new man, so making peace; and might reconcile them both in one body unto God through the cross, having slain the enmity thereby: and he came and preached peace to you that were far off, and peace to them that were nigh.   

2 Cor. 5. 18 f.  All things are of God, who reconciled us to himself through Christ, and gave .unto us the ministry of reconciliation; to wit, that God was in Christ reconciling the world unto himself, not reckoning unto them their trespasses, and having committed unto us the word of reconciliation.   
   
THE FAMILY OF NATIONS

Eph. 3.15   I bow my knees unto the Father, from whom every family in heaven and on earth is named.    

Eph. 4. 25.  Wherefore, putting away falsehood, speak you truth each one with his neighbor: for we are members one of another.   

1 Cor. 12. 13.  In one spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether bond or free; and were all made to drink of one Spirit.   

Rom. 10. 12.  For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek: for the same Lord is Lord of all, and is rich unto all that call upon him.   

Gal. 3. 28.  There can be neither Jew nor Greek, there can be neither bond nor free, there can be no male or female: for you are all one man in Christ Jesus.   

Col. 3.11  There cannot be Greek and Jew, circumcision and uncircumcision, barbarian, Scythian, bondman, freeman; but Christ is all, and in all.   


THE MORAL EQUIVALENT OF WAR

1 Tim. 6.12. Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on the life eternal.   

1 John 5.4  This is the victory that has overcome the world, even our faith.   

2 Cor. 10. 3-5.  For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war according to the flesh  for the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh, but mighty before God to the casting down of strong holds ; casting down imaginations, and every high thing that is exalted against the knowledge of God, and bringing every thought into captivity to the obedience of Christ.   

Eph 6.12f  For our wrestling is not against flesh and blood, but against the principalities, against the powers, against the world rulers of this darkness, against the spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places. Wherefore take up the whole armor of God, that you may be able to withstand in the evil day, and, having done all, to stand.   

2 Tim. 2. 3. Take your part in suffering hardship, as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.   

2 Tim. 4. 7 f. .  I have fought the good fight, I have finished the course, I have kept the faith: henceforth there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give to me at that day: and not only to me, but also to all them that have loved his appearing.   
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If you know some scriptures to add to the list, contact me at foxvog@plowcreek.org

FOR FURTHER READING
- Pacifism Bibliography

There is a vast and growing literature on Christian peacemaking and the gospel of peace. The references cited below represent only a small sampling of this rich bibliography.

Biblical/Exegetical
   EIler, Vernon. War and Peace from Genesis to Revelation : King Jesus̓ Manual of Arms for the ‘Armless  Scottdale, PA:  Herald Press, 1981 . Suggests that peace is a central motif in the entire biblical story, both Old Testament and New  Testament,

   Klassen, William. Love of Enemies  Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1984 . An overview of the biblical themes of peace, with special  attention to the Old Testament and intertestamental periods.

   McSorley, Richard, New Testament Basis of Peacemaking  Washington, DC: Georgetown University, Center for Peace Studies, 1979 , A Catholic defense, in simple and clear language of Christ̓s call to peace and a refutation of just War arguments.

   Yoder, John Howard. The Politics of Jesus: Vicit Agnus Noster , 2nd ed.  Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdrnans, 1999 , A classic text offering a New Testament basis for the relevance of Christian pacifism.

Theological
   Brown, Dale W Biblical Pacifism: A Peace Church Perspective  Elgin, IL: Brethren Press, 1986 . A survey of contemporary  pacifist positions informed by biblically based strategies for peacemaking.

   Cahill, Lisa Sowle. Love Your Enemies: Discipleship, Pacifism and Just War Theory  Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1994 . A  theological examination of the theory of just War and the practice of pacifism from the perspective of a Catholic ethicist.

   Clouse, Robert C. War: Four Christian Views  Downers Grove, IL:    Intervarsity Press, 1981 . A snapshot perspective on various attitudes toward war and peace in the Christian tradition.

   Sider, Ron. Christ and Violence  Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1979 . Sets forth a biblical basis for pacifism in which peace is central to salvation.


Personal Stories
   Arnold, Johann Christoph. Why Forgive?  Farmington, PA: The Plough Publishing House, 2000 . A collection of powerful stories of victims whose paths to healing came through forgiveness.

   Gish, Arthur C. Hebron Journal: Stories of Nonviolent Peacemaking  Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 2001 . A personal perspective on the challenges of peacemaking in the Middle East,

   Peachey, Titus and Linda Gehman Peachey, eds. Seeking Peace  Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 1991 . Stories of individuals who attempted. sometimes at great cost, to live out their beliefs in peace.


Applied Peacemaking
   Herr, Robert and Judy Zimmerman Herr, eds. Transforming Violence :    Linking Local and Global Peacemaking  Scottdale, PA:    Herald Press, 1998 . An ecumenical collection of insights on peacemaking by Christians in Africa, Asia, Europe. and North
   America.
   
   Sampson, Cynthia and John Paul Lederach. From theGround Up: Mennonite Contributions to International Peacemaking  Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000 . Case studies on peacemaking and conflict resolution that link spirituality with pragmatic efforts at international peacebuilding.

   Stassen, Glen, ed. Just Peacemaking. Ten Practices for Abolishing War  Cleveland, OH: Pilgrim Press, 1998 . Specific and practical suggestions for moving toward a more peaceful world.

If you have a favorite book on pacifism to add, email me at foxvog@plowcreek.org
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Selected Web Resources
Don Murphy: Can a Christian Be a Pacifist?
Writings on Christian Nonresistance and Pacifism  from Anabaptist Mennonite Sources
A Practical Christian Pacifism
The  Conflict of  Ages A Treatise on the Dichotomy between Military Service and the Kingdom of God
The New Testament Promotes the Absolute Love of Enemies
Advice on peacemaking from the Saints - Quotations of early Christians on Eastern Orthodox site
In Defense of the Gospel of Peace: An Evangelical Antiwar View
Christian Pacifism Blog - a variety of resources including quotes, blogs, news, and scriptural analysis